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legal terms

Read the below legal terms and consider what exactly is being coyly (artfully) conveyed, but not spoken.

Indian Claims Commission. a federal agency – dissolved in 1978- that adjudicated claims brought by American Indians, a tribe, or another identifiable Group of Indians against the United States. The U.S. Court of Federal Claims currently hears these claims.

Indian Country. 1. The land within the borders of all Indian reservations. The land occupied by an Indian community (whether or not located with a recognized reservation), and land held in trust by the United States but beneficially owned by an indian or tribe. 2 Hist. any region (esp. during the U.S. westward migration) where a person was likely to encounter Indians. Indian Land. Land owned by the United States but held in trust for and used by American Indians–Also termed Indian tribal property. ff tribal land. Indian Reservation. An area that the federal government has designed for use by an American Indian tribe, where the tribe generally settles and establishes a tribal government. Indian Territory. A former U.S. territory now a part of the state of Oklahoma-to which the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole Tribes were forcibly removed between 1830 and 1843. In the late 19th Century, most of this Territory was ceded to the United States, and in 1907 the greater part of it became the State of Oklahoma. Indian Title. A right of occupancy that the federal government grants to an American Indian tribe based on the tribes immemorial possession of the area. – Also termed aboriginal title Indian Tribal Property. See Indian Land Indian Tribe. A Group, Band, Nation or other organized Group of Indigenous American People. Including any Alaskan native village, that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the U.S. government because of Indian status (42 USCA § 9601 (36)); esp., any such Group having a federally recognized governing body that Carries out substantial governmental duties and Powers over an area (42 USCA § 300f(14); 40 CFR § 146.3). A tribe may be identified in various ways, esp. by past dealings with other tribes or with the federal , state or local government, or by recognition in historical records. “the Indian tribe is the fundamental unit of India Law; in its absence there is no occasion for the Law to operate. Yet there is no all-purpose definition of an Indian tribe. A Group of Indians may qualify as a tribe for the purpose of one statute or federal program, but fail to qualify for others. Definitions must accordingly be used with extreme caution.” —William C. Canby, Jr. American Indian Law in a Nutshell 3-4 (2d ed. 1988) Black’s Law 7th ed.

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