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a brief history

Brief History of Roanoke Powhatan Algonquin Speaking Tribe(s) of North Carolina.. Roanoke Island (/ˈroʊəˌnoʊk/) is an island in Dare County on the Outer Banks of North Carolina, United States. It was named after the historical Roanoke Carolina Algonquian Speaking tribe(s) who inhabited the area in the 16th century at the time of English exploration. About 8 mi (13 km) long and 2 mi (3.2 km) wide, the island lies between the mainland and the barrier islands near Nags Head. Albemarle Sound lies on its north, Roanoke Sound on the eastern, Croatan Sound on the west, and Wanchese CDP lies at the southern end. The town of Manteo is located on the northern portion of the island, and is the county seat of Dare County. Fort Raleigh National Historic Site is on the north end of the island. The island has a land area of 17.95 square miles (46.5 km2) and a population of 6,724 as of the 2000 census. The residents of Roanoke Island are governed by the Dare County Board of Commissioners. They are located within Congressional District 1 of North Carolina. The name of Roanoke Island comes from the Roanoke People who originally resided on the island for at least 1200 years prior to the coming of the English in the New World. The meaning of the word Roanoke itself is derived from the Powhowten language which was geographically close to the Roanoke. Roanoke means “white beads made from shells. or more literally (“things rubbed smooth by hand”). beads were used as ornaments and currency for the Coastal Algonquin peoples of Virginia and North Carolina. The first Governor of Jamestown, Virgina, John Smith records the usage of the road Rawrenock in the Algonquin Powhowaten language. The North Carolinian Coast began to shape into its present form as the Outer Banks Barrier Islands. Previously the North Carolina Coast had extended 50 miles eastward to the edge of the continental shelf. The melting of Northern Hemisphere Glaciers at least 14,000 years ago caused sea levels to rise. The Outer Banks and by extension the land of Roanoke Island began to stabilize around 6,000 B.C.[6] Roanoke Island was originally a large dune ridge facing the Atlantic coastline. Archaeological discoveries at the Tillett site of Wanchese, North Carolina have dated the human occupation of Roanoke Island’s land at 8,000 B.C. At the time Aboriginal Indigenous Americans across North America from South America and were developing in the Archaic Period. Archaeologists discovered that the land of Roanoke Island was part of the Mainland when it was first inhabited by the first Aboriginal Americans. For thousands of years the development of Indigenous Cultures on Roanoke Island corresponded with cultures occurring in the Coastal Plain of North Carolina.

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